VISIT ONG BON PAGODA IN HO CHI MINH CITY

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Ong Bon Pagoda (Nhi Phu Temple), Ho Chi Minc City is the oldest Chinese pagodomain authority (temple) in Saigon. It is also the only temple where Ong Bon is mainly worshiped in the city. The highlights of this religious site include the beautiful Chinese characterized architecture, delicate exterior & interior designs. The temple has played important part in the life of Chinese community in Saigon for hundreds of years.

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General information

Location: 264 Hai Thuong Lan Ong Street, Ward 14, District 5, Ho Chi Minch City.

CLICK HERE khổng lồ see the location of the street.

Opening hours: 6:00 – 17:00.

Total area: 2,500 mét vuông.

Year of establishment: 1730.

History, variations of its names

At the kết thúc of the 17th century, many Chinese people who spoke Fujian language left China for Vietnam, then lived in De Ngan (Saigon Cholon now).

Chinese people from two cities Xuanzhou (府, Tuyền Châu) and Zhangzhou ( 漳州市, Chương Châu) donated and built an assembly hall (会馆, Hội Quán) in about 1730. The assembly hall was named 二府 (Nhị Phủ, Nhi Phu, two cities). The full name is 二府会馆(Hội tiệm Nhị Phủ, Nhi Phu Assembly Hall). It is also called 又称二府庙(Miếu Nhị Phủ, Nhi Phu Temple).

In the pagodomain authority, Ong Bon (越南道教, Phúc Đức Chính Thần, Ông Bổn, Ong Bon) is worshiped. So that they also Gọi this assembly hall Ca tòng Ông Bổn định or Ong Bon Pagoda. This is the only Chinese pagoda (temple) in which God of the Soil is worshiped.

The purpose of building this pagoda is gathering, helping each other, meeting the spiritual, religious và cultural needs of Chinese people.

The people from Tuyen Chau City established On Lang Assembly Hall in 1740. Those from Chuong Chau City built Ha Chuong Assembly Hall in 1809. The two halls are not too far from Nhi Phu Assembly Hall.

The pagoda was restored in 1875, 1901 & 1990. It still remains features of ancient Chinese architecture, exterior and interior designs in Fujian style.

On 30th August 1998, Nhi Phu Temple was recognized as a National Cultural-Historic Site.

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Who is Ong Bon?

Ong Bon is a eunuch named Trinc Hoa. According lớn scholar Vuong Hong Sen, during the rule of Yongle Emperor (1403-1424), the King ordered hyên khổng lồ travel Southeast Asia by a sailboat, introduce Chinese people lớn the neighboring countries and buy precious items. Trinch Hoa had been a talented traveler, explorer, diplomat, linguist. When he arrived at a new land, he brought Chinese people there, help them khổng lồ rearrange Chinese areas. After Bon Dau Cong died, oversea Chinese appreciated this works, he was ordained to lớn Bon Dau Cong (Bổn định Đầu Công) by the king. Later he is known as God protecting soil, ground and people.

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Architecture

Nhi Phu Temple has a total area of about 2,500 mét vuông. The front yard occupies half of the l&. The remaining area is for worshipping area và the office.

There are two worshipping areas, which can be called the front building & the bachồng building. The front building and the bachồng building are separated by a small garden.

The front building has a 口 (khẩu, mouth) shape, it is a complex, consisting of four halls which were separately built and have sầu their own roofs, walls. Each of the halls is perpendicular to lớn two left & right halls và parallel lớn the opposite hall. Generally, the four halls form a hollow square. The square light well (courtyard) faces all halls & bring fresh air & natural lights to the entire front building. The halls are usually called front hall, left hall, right hall and baông chồng hall (main hall).

The rectangular back building is more simple but still designed colorfully & splendidly.

Main gate


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The main gate has three entrances và three green and yellow roofs with curved eaves & beautiful ornaments. On top of the middle roof, there is a small yellow stupa. Below the middle roof there is name of the pagodomain authority in Chinese. On two pillars there are parallel sentences in Chinese. The gates are made of wrought iron và has wave, cloud, leaf and flower patterns. The fence is made of concrete, wrought iron & stone.


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Small stupa on top of the middle roof, nice ornaments which look like waves or clouds, ceramic Qilin on top of pillars of the fence.


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The front yard is rather spacious, local people usually gather in the yard khổng lồ enjoy the fresh air & calm themselves. In the photo, a Chinese vendor visits the pagoda, burn incenses và pray for a better day in the early morning. The beautiful roof of the front hall looks like waves.


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A huge metal incense burner is placed in the yard. There are some Chinese characters related to lớn 二府 và dharma wheels. On top of the roof, there are rồng and fire ornaments.


Warmest Greetings To All from Tracy Do! If you have sầu any questions about Vietnam including Vietphái mạnh tours, do not hesitate to lớn contact me.

Tracy’s team is proud to provide excellent Ho Chi Minc City Day Trips including Ho Chi Minc Motorxe đạp Tour, Ho Chi Minc Food Tour, Mekong Delta Tour, Cu Chi Tunnel Tour, Ho Chi Minh Transfer Service & Shore Excursion to lớn thousands of guests for 10 years. Let us have sầu a chance khổng lồ show you South Vietnam giới khổng lồ the fullest.


口 shaped front building

As mentioned above sầu, the front building consists of Front hall, Right hall, Left hall, Back hall (Main hall) và a sky well which khung a 口 shape.

Front hall

The facade of the front hall, which faces the main gate and Hai Thuong Lan Ong Street, is also the facade of the pagoda.


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The front hall is designed beautifully & colorfully.

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The roof with red yin và yang tiles và delicate ornaments is one of the highlights of the hall. The roofs look lượt thích waves, on top of which are two dragon fighting for a pearl, dragon, cloud, wave sầu ceramic mosaic ornaments. The edge of the roof is decorated with reliefs depicting cranes và pine trees, pairs of birds on branches of flowers.